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Mild Diverticulitis Home Treatment without Antibiotics

 Diverticulitis is one of the digestive system problems, which results from the formation of diverticula. With advanced age, certain changes take place in the body; weakening of intestinal walls is one of them. When the fecal matter passes through the weakened intestines, it causes increased pressure inside the colon. It results in the formation of small pouches or sacs along the lining of intestinal walls, which are known as diverticula. Although diverticula can be developed anywhere in the digestive system, colon or large intestine is the common site. The formation of diverticula is referred to as diverticulosis. When diverticula get infected or inflamed, it leads to a painful condition, called diverticulitis.

Causes and Symptoms of Diverticulitis

Other than aging, consumption of low-fiber diet is another important reason for developing diverticula. Those, who eat foods less in fiber and high amount of processed and high-fat foods, are at the increased risk of getting diverticulitis. Also, obesity, inactive lifestyle and smoking can increase the risk of diverticulitis.

Abdominal pain is the most significant symptom of diverticulitis. Pain is often experienced in the lower left side of the abdomen. The sufferer may feel relief after bowel movements. It is accompanied by loss of appetite, nausea, sometimes vomiting, alteration in bowel habits like constipation or diarrhea and fever. In mild cases of diverticulitis, the sufferer may experience abdominal pain as well as bloating and flatulence.

Mild Diverticulitis Home Treatment

Mild diverticulitis is usually treated with oral antibiotics and antispasmodics. However, these medications can cause certain adverse effects. Home treatment can effectively help you to manage the symptoms of mild diverticulitis. Home remedies are also effective in reducing the chances of recurrent attacks of diverticulitis. What you have to do is to simply follow certain changes in lifestyle and dietary habits.

Mild pain and cramps can be relieved by applying a heating pad to your abdomen. You can also try relaxation techniques like meditation, which can help reduce mild pain. A nonprescription pain reliever like acetaminophen can be used. When you are suffering from diverticulitis attack, you are advised to remain on clear liquid diet. This kind of diet includes plain water, clear broth, plain gelatin, ice pops, gelatin and fruit juices without pulp. The purpose is to relax the bowels for some time. When the symptoms are reduced, you can gradually start with low-fiber diet, which includes low-fiber cereals, white rice, cooked or canned vegetables, cooked or canned fruits without pulp or seeds, eggs, poultry, fish, low-fat milk and milk products like yogurt and cheese. Once the symptoms fade away, you can slowly switch to regular high fiber diet.

In order to prevent recurrent attacks of diverticulitis, your daily diet should contain adequate amount of fiber. Daily requirement of fiber is about 25-30 grams. Some of the excellent sources of fiber include fruits, vegetables, breakfast cereals, nuts and starchy foods like rice, bread and pasta. The fruits like pear, apple, orange, avocado, raspberries and banana, dried fruits like apricots and prunes, vegetables like beans, peas, French beans, Brussels sprouts, potatoes, spinach, broccoli and carrots as well as nuts like almonds, peanuts, Brazil nuts and mixed are the excellent sources of fiber. Breakfast cereals like bran, oats, muesli and brown bread can also provide good amount of fiber.

When you are taking fiber-rich diet, you need to drink plenty of water and other fluids to prevent constipation. When you feel bowel urge, don’t fail to respond it. Delaying bowel movements can make the stool harder, which may require more force to pass through the colon. It causes increased pressure inside the colon, resulting in development of diverticula.

Along with dietary changes, you should follow regular exercise regimen. It not only helps to improve bowel functioning, but also helps to maintain healthy body weight. Also, stay away from unhealthy habits like smoking and alcoholism.

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Right-sided Diverticulitis Treatment

diverticulitis2 Diverticulitis is one of the common irritable bowel diseases. It is characterized by the formation of diverticula along the lining of intestinal wall. Diverticula can be described as the small pouches or sacs that may protrude through the intestinal walls. Development of diverticula is referred to as diverticulosis. When diverticula get infected or inflamed, it causes the symptoms like abdominal pain, tenderness, nausea, vomiting and high fever. This condition is known as diverticulitis.

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How common is Right-sided Diverticulitis

Diverticula may be formed anywhere in the digestive system, including stomach, small intestine or esophagus. However, the large intestine or colon is the most common site to develop diverticula. In the Western countries, diverticulitis in the left side of the colon is more common. Right-sided diverticulitis is relatively uncommon. It is more prevalent in the Asian countries. About 45-50% cases of diverticulitis are of right-sided diverticulitis in the Asian countries. Also, right-sided diverticulosis is more commonly seen in younger patients. The right colon including cecum and ascending colon is affected.

Causes and Symptoms

Diverticulitis is more prevalent in the well-developed countries. The reason behind this may be their lifestyle and dietary habits. Dietary habits remarkably contribute in the development of this disease. Consumption of foods with less amount of fiber and high amount of processed foods is one of the major causes of diverticulitis. Fiber is an essential part of our regular diet. It helps to make the stool smooth and bulky, so that it can easily pass through the bowels. It helps to prevent constipation. The frequency of disease increases with advanced age. People after the age of 40 are more likely to develop this disease. With aging, the intestine becomes weak. The pressure inside the colon increases, when the stool passes through the weakened intestine. Obesity, lack of exercise and smoking can also increase the possibility of diverticulitis.

Pain in the lower right side of the abdomen is the most significant symptom of right-sided diverticulitis. The pain is usually relieved after passing flatulence or having bowel movements. Patients with diverticulitis may suffer from constipation or diarrhea. Other symptoms may include loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting as well as high fever and malaise. In the complicated cases of diverticulitis, there may be formation of fistula, abscess, infection, bleeding, obstruction, perforation and peritonitis.

Treatment for Right-sided Diverticulitis

The pain from right-sided diverticulitis may be misdiagnosed with appendicitis. Therefore, correct diagnosis is very important to give proper treatment. The diagnosis is done with the help of imaging tests like CT scan and laboratory investigations like blood count. The mild cases of diverticulitis can be treated with antibiotics like ciprofloxacin, cephalexin, metronidazole and doxycycline. The anti-spasmodic drugs like dicyclomine, chlordiazepoxide, hyoscyamine, scopolamine and atropine are prescribed to relieve pain and muscular spasm. The antimicrobial therapy includes anaerobic microorganisms like Bacteroides fragilis, Clostridium and Peptostreptococcus as well as aerobic bacteria like Klebsiella, Escherichia coli, Streptococcus, Proteus and Enterobacter. Along with medications, the patient is recommended to take only clear liquid diet that includes water, plain soda, clear gelatin, fruit juices without pulp and ice chips for 3-4 days in order to relax the bowels. Once the symptoms are reduced, low-fiber foods like cooked vegetables or fruits, low-fat milk and milk products like cheese and yogurt, fish, eggs and poultry can be taken. The symptoms are generally relieved within 3-4 days. Then, the sufferer can gradually switch to normal diet.

The patients, who don’t respond to oral antibiotics or have developed complications, need to be hospitalized to give oral antibiotics. Hospitalization is also recommended if the patient has highly elevated blood cell count, high fever, uncontrolled pain, abscess, fistula, partial bowel obstruction or perforation. Hospitalized patient should be given nothing by mouth. The patient is kept on IV fluids and IV antibiotics. Usually, the symptoms are improved within 48-72 hours. After that, the patient can be given oral antibiotics for 7-10 days. After complete recovery, high-fiber diet is recommended to prevent recurrent attacks of diverticulitis. Surgery is needed in case of serious complications like abscess, fistula, obstruction or perforation.

Ruptured Diverticulitis Treatment

Ruptured DiverticulitisDiverticulitis arises, when the pouches formed in the intestinal wall get inflamed. These pouches or sacs are known as diverticula and their formation is called as diverticulosis. These pouches are bulging and pushed outward through the weak spots in the intestinal wall. Although, diverticula may be formed anywhere in the digestive system, large intestine or colon is the most common site to develop diverticulosis. Generally, diverticulosis doesn’t cause any symptoms or very mild symptoms like mild abdominal pain. When diverticula get infected and inflamed, it causes the painful symptoms, which need to be attended immediately.

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Causes and Symptoms of Diverticulitis

Although exact causes are not confirmed yet, diverticulitis is mainly linked with aging. With aging, intestinal wall becomes weak. When the stool passes through the weakened intestine, it causes increased pressure inside the colon, resulting in the formation of diverticula. When fecal matter gets trapped in the pouches, diverticula get infected, causing inflammation. Intake of low-fiber foods is another important cause of diverticulitis. Fiber helps to make the stool soft and bulky, which can easily pass through the bowels without causing pressure. It helps to prevent constipation and in turn, diverticulosis. Some other factors that can make the person prone to develop diverticulitis are obesity, inactive lifestyle, lack of exercise and unhealthy habits like smoking and alcoholism.

Diverticulitis can cause the symptoms like pain and tenderness in the lower left side of the abdomen, bloating, flatulence, loss of appetite, nausea, sometimes vomiting and altered bowel movements like constipation or diarrhea. The patient may also experience high fever and malaise. In chronic cases of diverticulitis, there may develop some complications like formation of fistula, abscess, perforation and peritonitis. Ruptured intestine is a serious complication of diverticulitis, which should be taken as medical emergency. It often results in infection of the abdominal cavity.

Ruptured Diverticulitis Treatment

The only option to treat ruptured diverticulitis is surgery. Emergency surgery is needed to remove ruptured intestine. During the surgery, the ruptured section is removed and then colostomy is performed. The first stage of surgery involves resection and primary anastomosis. For the surgery, the patient should have a well-vascularized, nonedematous and tension-free bowel. The diverticulitis surgery can be done in two ways, either through a primary bowel resection or through a bowel resection with colostomy. Both the types of surgeries can be done in the traditional way or by laparoscopic surgery. The traditional bowel resection is done by using open surgical approach, known as colectomy. When performing colectomy, the patient needs to be given general anesthesia. An incision is made in the lower midline or a lateral lower transverse line of the abdomen. The affected portion of the intestine is removed and two healthy ends are stapled together. The bowel needs to be relived of its normal digestive function, when it is healing. For this purpose, a colostomy is performed. The colostomy involves creating a temporary opening of the colon on the surface of abdominal skin. The end of the colon is passed through the abdominal wall, to which a removable bag is attached. The fecal matter is collected in this bag. This bag is temporary and can be removed, when the intestine completely heals and comes back to its normal functioning.

Now a day, most of the surgeons prefer laparoscopic surgery for bowel resection. The major advantage of laparascopic surgery over an open surgery is reduced post-operative pain and less recovery time. The laparascopic surgery is less invasive procedure, which involves three to four small incisions made in the abdomen.

How to Treat Recurrent Diverticulitis

Recurrent Diverticulitis Diverticulitis is a relatively common condition of the digestive system, which is characterized by inflammation of diverticula. Diverticula can be described as the small sacs or pouches that are developed along the intestinal wall. The condition is known as diverticulosis. The most common site to develop diverticula is large intestine or colon.

Diverticulitis is more prevalent in people of the age more than 40. The reason behind this is the intestinal wall becomes weak with aging. The pressure inside the colon increases, when the stool passes through the bowels, which leads to the formation of diverticula. The formation of diverticula is also associated with consumption of low-fiber diet. Fiber helps to soften the stool, so that it can easily pass through the intestine.

A lack of fiber can cause constipation. Long-term constipation can increase the pressure inside the colon, when passing the stool, causing diverticulosis. Some other factors that can contribute to diverticulosis are obesity, lack of exercise and smoking.

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Symptoms of Diverticulitis

The symptoms of diverticulitis typically develop very rapidly, within several hours. The most significant symptom is persistent pain in the lower left side of the abdomen. The pain is usually so severe that people with diverticulitis need to seek emergency medical treatment. Abdominal tenderness, loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, changes in bowel habits and fever may also accompany diverticulitis.

How to Treat Recurrent Diverticulitis

The first bout of diverticulitis can be treated with medications like antibiotics and anti-spasmodic drugs. Medications should be accompanied with dietary changes such as increased fluid intake and enough rest. If the pain is severe, or if complications are developed, then hospitalization is necessary for giving intravenous antibiotics.

About 30-40% of people with diverticulitis may not develop the disease again. However, some people may have subsequent episodes, particularly 2 or more recurrent attacks of diverticulitis. In such cases, surgery is often required to remove the damaged portion of the colon. If you have first attack of diverticulitis at the age of 50 or younger, then you are at the increased risk of having the second or third episode of diverticulitis.

Most patients with recurrent diverticulitis can be managed with non-operative treatment. Uncomplicated cases of diverticulitis can be treated with medications and simple changes in lifestyle and diet. The doctor usually recommends broad-spectrum antibiotics like ciprofloxacin, cephalexin, metronidazole and doxycycline. The medications should be accompanied with clear liquid diet, which may include plain water, clear soda, plain gelatin, ice chips and pulp-less fruit juices. The purpose of liquid diet is to keep the bowels resting for some period. When the symptoms are reduced, slow progression to high-fiber diet is advisable. Once you are completely recovered, you are recommended to have fiber-rich foods like whole grain breads, cereals, pastas, fresh fruits like pears, apples and prunes, vegetables like peas, squash and spinach as well as beans like kidney beans and black beans to prevent recurrent diverticulitis attacks. When taking high-fiber diet, you should drink plenty of water and fluids in order to prevent constipation.

Diverticulitis surgery is recommended for those with recurrent episodes of diverticulitis. The purpose of surgery is to remove the affected bowel segment, control sepsis and restore bowel function. The surgical treatment involves removal of diseased segment of the colon and then reconnecting the remaining parts.

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Colon Diverticulitis Treatment with Diet

Colon Diverticulitis Diverticulum is a pouch-like protrusion developed along the colonic wall. Diverticula result from the herniation of mucosa and submucosa through the weakened points of muscular wall of the colon. The colonic diverticula are considered to be false diverticula, as they don’t consist of all layers of the colonic wall. The formation of diverticula is referred to as diverticulosis and this condition is characterized by the absence of symptoms. When diverticula get infected or inflamed, the condition is known as diverticulitis.

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The major factors involved in the pathogenesis of colon diverticulitis are intake of low-fiber diet, obesity, inactive lifestyle, excessive caffeine intake, unhealthy habits like smoking and alcoholism as well as medications like corticosteroids and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Diverticulitis is also linked to aging. With advanced age, the intestinal walls become weak. When the stool passes through the bowels, it increases pressure inside the colon, resulting in the formation of diverticula.

In the most cases of uncomplicated colonic diverticulosis, there may not be any noticeable symptoms. However, some people may experience bloating, flatulence and abdominal pain. Diverticulitis gives rise to very painful symptoms like pain and tenderness generally in the lower left side of the abdomen, bloating, nausea, vomiting, alteration in bowel movements like diarrhea or constipation and high fever. In chronic and severe cases, there may develop certain complications like formation of fistula, abscesses, perforation, infection and peritonitis.

Colon Diverticulitis Treatment with Diet

Along with medications, it is very important for the diverticulitis sufferers to strictly follow the dietary restrictions. When you have diverticulosis, you are advised to have high-fiber diet. Fiber helps soften the stool, so that it can easily pass through the colon and thus prevents constipation. It also reduces pressure in the colon and prevents flare-ups of diverticulitis. Some of the examples of high-fiber foods are beans like black beans and kidney beans, legumes, brown rice, whole wheat bread, bran, whole grain cereals like oatmeal, fruits like apples, pears and bananas and vegetables like carrots, spinach, squash, corn and broccoli. You should gradually add fiber to your diet in order to avoid abdominal discomfort and bloating. Your daily requirement of fiber is at least 25-30 grams. Additionally, you should drink at least 8 glasses of water to avoid constipation.

During the flare-ups of diverticulitis, you need to relax your bowels to give them enough time for healing. For that, you have to remain on clear liquid diet, which includes clear broth, plain water, clear fruit juices without pulp, ice pops as well as tea or coffee without cream. When you are able to digest solid foods, you can slowly low-fiber foods to your daily diet. These foods include low-fat dairy products like milk, cheese and yogurt, eggs, poultry, low-fiber cereals, canned or cooked fruits without skin or seeds, canned or well-cooked vegetables, white rice and white bread. Once the symptoms are completely gone within 3-5 days, you may slowly switch to high-fiber diet. If high-fiber diet doesn’t ease the symptoms, then fiber supplements are recommended. Additionally, other nutritional supplements like iron, vitamin B complex and vitamin C are also advisable.

Along with dietary changes, you need to follow a regular exercise regime to improve the functioning of bowels as well as to maintain the healthy body weight.

How to Treat Chronic Diverticulitis Naturally

Chronic Diverticulitis Diverticulitis is one of the most common inflammatory bowel diseases. With aging, many people tend to develop small pouches, called diverticula, along the lining of intestinal wall. This condition is referred to as diverticulosis. These diverticula protrude outward through the weak spots in the large intestine. This results in inflammation, causing painful symptoms. This condition is known as diverticular disease. When diverticula get infected and inflamed, it leads to diverticulitis.

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Diverticulitis is characterized by the symptoms like pain and tenderness in the lower left side of the abdomen, bloating, flatulence, nausea, vomiting, altered bowel movements like constipation or diarrhea and high fever. Diverticulitis is mainly associated with aging. Aging causes weakening of the intestinal walls. When the waste material passes through the colon, it causes increased pressure inside the bowels, which can lead to development of diverticula. Those, who continuously take low-fiber diet, are also at the increased risk of developing diverticulosis. Obesity, inactive lifestyle, lack of exercise and smoking are some other contributory factors.

How to Treat Chronic Diverticulitis Naturally

Chronic and severe diverticulitis can cause certain complications like abscess around the infected diverticula, scarring, formation of fistula, infections, perforation, severe bleeding and peritonitis. In such cases, hospitalization is recommended to administer intravenous antibiotics and surgery, if the patient is not responding to medications. Additionally, you can follow some natural remedies to cure diverticulitis. These natural treatment options are easy-to-follow and quite effective.

When you experience the symptoms of chronic diverticulitis, first of all you need to relax your bowels. This can be achieved by following a special elemental liquid diet. Intake of plain water, broth, clear soda, fruit juices without pulp, gelatin is recommended. You need to eliminate any foods that can trigger inflammation. This type of liquid diet is proved to be helpful, when combined with colonic massage. Once you start feeling better, you can gradually start with low-fiber diet that includes low-fiber cereals, canned or cooked vegetables, canned or cooked fruits, low-fat milk and milk products like cheese, yogurt, eggs, poultry, fish, white rice, noodles etc. Along with dietary changes, you have to take nutritional supplements like multi-vitamins and multi-minerals as well as probiotics like Lactobacillus acidophilus, Lactobacillus plantarum and bifidobacteria.

Use of herbs is another effective treatment option. A variety of herbs can be used to treat diverticulitis, as they are known to have anti-microbial and anti-inflammatory properties. The herbs like flaxseed, slippery elm, cat’s claw, wild yam, chamomile, licorice and marshmallow can be taken in the form of dried extracts or tinctures. These herbs can effectively reduce the symptoms of diverticulitis as well as strengthen the body systems. Besides, homeopathic medicines like belladonna, colicynthis and bryonia are also found to be quite effective in reducing abdominal pain and cramping from diverticulitis.

Once you get a complete relief from the symptoms, you can switch to fiber-fiber diet to prevent recurrent attacks of diverticulitis. This includes fresh vegetables like peas, broccoli and spinach, fruits like apple, pears, brown rice, whole grains etc. Always remember, when you are taking high-fiber diet, drink plenty of water and fluid to avoid constipation. Also adopt healthy lifestyle like regular exercising. Stay away from unhealthy habits like smoking and alcoholism.

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Treating Severe Diverticulitis with Diet and Home Remedies

 Diverticulosis can be described as the formation of small, bulging pouches along the lining of intestinal walls. When these pouches, called diverticula, get infected by the bacteria, leading to inflammation, the condition is referred to as diverticulitis. With the advanced age, the risk of developing diverticula increases.  With aging, the intestinal wall becomes weak. When the stool passes through the weakened bowels, there is increase in the pressure inside the colon, which results in the development of diverticula. Those, who consume less fiber, are more prone to develop diverticulosis. Obesity and smoking are also contributory factors.

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Mild diverticulitis may exhibit the symptoms like abdominal pain, tenderness, nausea, vomiting, bloating, flatulence, changes in bowel movement like diarrhea or constipation and fever. In chronic and severe cases, there may develop certain complications like formation of fistula, abscesses, perforation, infection and peritonitis. Severe diverticulitis needs to be diagnosed quickly and treated promptly, as the condition may worsen very quickly. Generally, severe cases of diverticulitis require immediate hospitalization for giving intravenous antibiotics and sometimes surgery. Additionally, you can follow diet and home remedies to support the medications, which speeds up healing process.

Treating Severe Diverticulitis with Diet and Home Remedies

When you are suffering from severe diverticulitis, you should take enough rest and relax your intestines. You may try application of warm pads on the abdomen to soothe the pain. During this period, dietary changes are very important. You are advised to remain clear liquid diet in order to make the bowels relaxed for some time. You are recommended to take water, clear soda, broth, fruit juices without pulp, ice chips and plain gelatin. Tea or coffee without cream can also make a good option. Once the symptoms are relived, you should switch to low-fiber foods. You cannot remain on liquid diet for a longer period, because you may deprive of essential nutrients, which may lead to weakness.

Low-fiber foods include cooked or canned fruits and vegetables such as potatoes, peas and green beans, eggs, poultry, fish, fruit juices, milk and milk products like cheese and low-fat yogurt as well as low-fiber cereals, white rice and pasta. Once the symptoms are completely gone away, you can gradually start with normal high-fiber diet. Your regular diet should include rich amount of fiber such as whole grain breads, cereals, pastas, fresh fruits like pears, apples and prunes, vegetables like squash and spinach as well as beans like kidney beans and black beans. These foods help to prevent recurrent attacks of diverticulitis. Your daily fiber consumption should be minimum 25-35 grams. When taking fiber-rich foods, you must have plenty of water and fluids in order to prevent constipation. Avoid taking high-fat foods and processed foods.

Along with dietary changes, you need to bring some improvements in your lifestyle. You should have regular exercise, as it keeps the bowels well-functioning. Since obesity is one of the risk factors for diverticulitis, try to maintain healthy body weight by means of balanced diet and regular exercising. Since smokers are at the increased risk of developing diverticulitis, try to stay away from unhealthy habits like smoking and alcoholism.

You can try some herbal remedies like wild yams, barley grass juice, aloe vera juice, alfalfa and garlic, as most of the herbs are known for anti-bacterial and anti-inflammatory properties. Apart from that, you can take fiber supplements and vitamin supplements like vitamin B complex and vitamin C.

Diverticulitis is a very uncomfortable and painful condition, which may affect the quality of life in many ways. To prevent its life-threatening complications, make sure to have a balanced diet and healthy lifestyle.