Diverticulitis can be explained as infection or inflammation of small sacs or pouches developed along the lining of intestinal walls. These pouches are known as diverticula and their formation is referred to as diverticulosis. Diverticulosis is relatively a harmless condition, which causes no symptoms or mild symptoms.
On the other hand, diverticulitis is a painful condition that gives rise to the symptoms like abdominal pain and tenderness, nausea and sometimes vomiting, bloating, changes in bowel movements like diarrhea or constipation and high fever. The formation of diverticula is mainly associated with aging. With aging, the intestinal walls become weak. When the hard stool passes through the colon, it increases the pressure inside the colon, resulting in the formation of diverticula. It is also considered to be linked to the consumption of low-fiber diet.
People having the diet with poor fiber and more of processed foods are at the increased risk of developing diverticulosis. Some other possible causative factors are obesity, lack of exercise and smoking.
Acute diverticulitis is the severe swelling or inflammation of diverticula. This medical condition was first recognized during early 1880’s. Acute diverticulitis is commonly found to be affecting most of the Americans over the age of 40. When the harmful bacteria are produced by the indigested food or when the fecal matter gets trapped in one or more diverticula, it causes infection, leading to inflammation. This may further worsen to form abscesses, causing perforated colon. The infection may spread to the abdominal cavity, leading to life-threatening peritonitis. Acute diverticulitis can give rise to other serious problems like development of fistulas and the constriction of colon, which may stop bowel movements.
The symptoms of acute diverticulitis include acute (sudden and severe) abdominal pain due to formation of fistulas between the colon and the bladder, causing urinary tract infections and scars in the colon. It is accompanied by nausea, vomiting, cramping, constipation, fever, chills and weight loss. These symptoms may resemble with the symptoms of other health conditions. Hence, early diagnosis of acute diverticulitis is very essential, as the symptoms may become severe within a short period of time, causing life-threatening complications. The investigations done for the diagnosis of acute diverticulitis are CT scan, abdominal palpation and white blood cell count. The conventional treatment option includes antibiotics like metronidazole, ciproflaxin and cephalexin. Besides, acute diverticulitis can be treated with natural remedies.
How to Cure Acute Diverticulitis Naturally
Natural remedies for acute diverticulitis include bringing out certain changes in lifestyle and diet. You can try some simple, yet effective home remedies to reduce pain from acute diverticulitis. Apply heating pad to the abdomen to reduce pain and cramps. You can also try relaxation techniques like deep breathing or meditation to relieve pain. Take enough rest to keep your bowels relaxed.
Dietary changes play a significant role in healing of acute diverticulitis. When you experience the symptoms of acute attacks of diverticulitis, then you are recommended to take only clear liquid diet. This is meant for relaxing the bowels for some time. This type of liquid diet includes plain water, clear soda, broth, ice chips, ice pops without fruit pulp, fruit juices like apple or grape juice without pulp or skin as well as tea or coffee without cream. When the symptoms start to reduce, you can gradually start with low-fiber foods, which include canned or cooked fruits without seeds or skin, canned or cooked vegetables like potatoes, peas and green beans as well as eggs, poultry, fish, milk, cheese, low-fat yogurt, low-fiber cereals and white rice. After following this diet for 2-3 days, the symptoms will be reduced. When the symptoms are completely gone, you can slowly start with regular diet. After complete recovery, you may start with high-fiber diet to prevent recurrent attacks of diverticulitis. Your daily diet should include fiber-rich foods like whole grain breads, pastas, cereals, fresh fruits like pears, apples and prunes, vegetables like potatoes, peas, squash and spinach as well as beans like kidney beans and black beans.
Along with dietary changes, you need to exercise regularly, which helps promote normal bowel function. Also stay away from unhealthy habits like smoking.